Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may perhaps refer to a number of garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features Click here a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat scarce.

Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Commonly worn by small children, these garments generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they turned popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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