Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to numerous linked kinds of apparel originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[two] also by each sexes.[three] Extra usually, pajamas may well check with a number of clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of fashion and product.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Company rule in India.[7][8]

The around the world usage of pajamas (the phrase as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th centuries, along with the British affect on the broader Western earth in the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell away from vogue. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a manner in Britain as well as Western environment as sleeping apparel for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by numerous persons in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an post of dishabille and of night apparel, which is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the behavior similar to a superior quite a few Other folks through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London retailers. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Traditional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix crafted from delicate cloth, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor generally has a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of pidžame people opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are often marketed as separates.

In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas in many cases are referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night satisfies.

Some pajamas function a fall seat (also referred to as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but inside the early 20-initial century These are instead exceptional.

Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are several variations in design which include quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly within the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn by children, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and may also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, inside the US, they have got in Click here some cases included the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of short dress best in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may these days consult with Girls's blend daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned popular within the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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